Immediately to the east of Arabuko-Sokoke Forest and forming part of the same habitat, is one of the most productive mangrove ecosystems on earth, Mida Creek. Covering 32km2, this tidal inlet forms part of a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve together with the forest.
It is designated an Important Biodiversity Area by NatureKenya using BirdLife International criteria. The forest and creek are linked by complex natural water flow systems and the health of each habitat is dependent on the other. Indeed removal of part of the forest would interfere with the ground water system, which would then be unable to support the mangroves and other creek habitats.
Beyond the mangroves, beneath the open waters of the creek are submerged seagrass beds and coral reefs. These support a rich variety of marine organisms and fish spawning grounds, a vital source of food for wildlife and people alike.
Mida Creek is a key stop-over and non-breeding site for migrating birds. It offers the ideal resting and feeding location for birds migrating from Europe, Asia and the Middle East to eastern and southern Africa. The birds re-fuel on the variety of invertebrate food items buried in the muddy sandflats at low tide and roost on the exposed sandbanks and on the mangroves at high tide.
The creek habitats are threatened by over-fishing, over- extraction of groundwater and over-harvesting of mangrove poles.
More images of Mida Creek